Alemselam Zebdewos

Title: Preventing iron deficiency anemia: Evaluation of amaranth grain supplementation to 24.0-59.9 month old children in southern Ethiopia, a randomized controlled trial

Summary: Malnutrition is a public health problem in Ethiopia. Malnutrition can affect children’s cognitive, behavioral and motor development. Further, healthy development and educational achievement can be compromised due to micronutrient deficiencies including iron deficiency. Different studies show that amaranth grain has better levels of macro and micronutrients especially iron to address the widespread malnutrition problem than other frequently used crops. This useful plant is widely grown in the research area, but it is considered as a weed rather than a food crop by the community. Furthermore, adequate research has not been conducted in Ethiopia on amaranth’s potential to contribute in reducing the malnutrition problem. This research is initiated to look at amaranth and its potential in reducing iron deficiency anemia among children. The research will inform the public at large, policy makers and the academicians as it deals with an underutilized nutritious crop that has the potential to contribute to reduce the malnutrition problem in the country.

General objective: To assess the iron deficiency status of children and to evaluate the effect of an amaranth containing bread consumption on the anthropometry and iron deficiency status of children in the age of 24.0-59.9 months.

Specific Objective:

  • To estimate the prevalence of iron deficiency anemia in children age 24.0-59.9 month in Tulla sub city, South Ethiopia.
  • To evaluate if feeding children with either 150gm bread containing 70mass% amaranth grain and 30mass% chickpea per day for 6 month will increase the hemoglobin level of mild and moderate anemic children 24.0 up to59.9 months of age by 0.7g/dl compared with children in equivalent amount of 100% maize bread in Tulla sub city south Ethiopia.
  • To compare cost effectiveness of amaranth containing bread on the prevention of iron deficiency anemia in Tulla sub city south Ethiopia

Ethical approval: 01/12/2016

Research Started:  February  2017

Planned publications:   

  • Prevalence of anemia and iron deficiency anemia among children 24-59monthsof age
  • Prevalence of protein energy malnutrition among children 24-59 months of age
  • Effect of amaranth containing bread consumption on the treatment of anemia among children 24-59months of age
  • Effect of amaranth containing bread on the prevention of protein energy malnutrition among children 24-59months of age
  • Effect of amaranth containing bread consumption on the prevention of common child hood illness among children 24-59 months of age
  • The cost effectiveness of amaranth containing bread on the prevention of iron deficiency anemia